Error analysis of a fast partial pivoting method for structured matrices

157. D. R. Sweet and R. P. Brent, Error analysis of a fast partial pivoting method for structured matrices, Proceedings SPIE, Volume 2363, Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, (edited by F. Luk), SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 1995, 266-280.

Longer version: Error analysis of a partial pivoting method for structured matrices, Technical Report TR-CS-95-03, Computer Sciences Laboratory, ANU, June 1995, 20 pp. arXiv:1005.0667v1

Related talk presented at a Workshop on Numerical Methods for Structured Matrices in Filtering and Control, Santa Barbara, August 1996.

Conference Paper: dvi (33K), pdf (230K), ps (97K).

Technical Report: dvi (38K), pdf (242K), ps (143K).

Transparencies (Santa Barbara, August 1996): dvi (21K), pdf (235K), ps (152K).


Many matrices that arise in the solution of signal processing problems have a special {\em displacement structure}. For example, adaptive filtering and direction-of-arrival estimation yield matrices of Toeplitz type. A recent method of Gohberg, Kailath and Olshevsky (GKO) allows fast Gaussian elimination with partial pivoting for such structured matrices.

In this paper, a rounding error analysis is performed on the Cauchy and Toeplitz variants of the GKO method. It is shown the error growth depends on the growth in certain auxiliary vectors, the generators, which are computed by the GKO algorithms. It is also shown that in certain circumstances, the growth in the generators can be large, and so the error growth is much larger than would be encountered with normal Gaussian elimination with partial pivoting. A modification of the algorithm to perform a type of row-column pivoting is proposed; it may ameliorate this problem.


The GKO algorithm, which is based on an identity of Heinig [IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications 69 (1994), 95-114], is described in Gohberg, Kailath and Olshevsky [ Math. Comp. 64 (1995), 1557-1576].

For subsequent attempts by Ming Gu and Michael Stewart to improve the stability of the GKO algorithm, and results on the stability of the generalised Schur algorithm, see [177] and the references given there.

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